Essay on Computer Programming Languages: Fortran
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Fortran is one of the thousands of different programming languages. A programming language is a set of grammatical rules or guidelines for a compiler to follow. A compiler is a program that converts a programming language into what is called the object code, which is usually binary. Object code is code that the computer or program can understand. Basically, programming languages are for us to be able to create programs and control a computer in a simpler way instead of using what the computer understands, object code. There are different levels of programming languages; the main ones being human language, high-level language, assembly language, and machine language. Human language is the various programming languages we use such as C++,…show more content…
Now that you know the relation between programming languages and computers, let’s take a look at a specific programming language. Fortran is a very popular programming language and has been widely used since its birth in 1957. It is one of the oldest programming languages to date. Fortran is used mainly for programs that handle large amounts of numerical data and perform complex scientific computations. The prominent uses of Fortran include computation chemistry, numerical weather predication, computational fluid dynamics, computational physics, animal breeding, plant breeding, and element analysis. It has been used for programming air traffic control systems, payroll calculations, video games, numerous other applications and parallel computer research. Fortran is also used to write programs that rate and benchmark the fastest supercomputers in the world. It is one of the most accepted languages when it comes to powerful and complex computing. The idea of the programming language Fortran arose in late 1953. A man named John W. Backus was the man to thank for the invention of Fortran. He was born on December 3, 1924 and died at the age of 82 on March 17, 2007. John was born in Pennsylvania but grew up in Wilmington Delaware. He attended Columbia University and graduated with a degree in mathematics in 1949. He then started working with IBM in 1950. His first major assignment he worked on was a program to calculate
Computer Programming As A Career Essay
Computer programming is an important career in the computer industry today. Bill Gates was a computer programmer and look how far he got.
The number of computer programmers is rising and will continue to grow throughout the year 2010. Although it is growing significantly, the number of programmers today is increasing slower than the number of some other computer specialists.
In the year 2000, there were about 585,000 computer-programming jobs throughout the world. Some computer programming jobs are temporary and the programmer is no longer needed after the job is completed, but most are full time jobs.
The average computer programmer makes anywhere from $30,700 to $52,000 annually. Although in the year 2000, the average programmer was making about $57,590 a year. However, it is possible to make up to $93,210. Usually the programmers in the western and northern parts of the U.S. make more money than the ones in the south and eastern areas. This is because there are larger companies in that part of the country; therefore there is a bigger demand for programmers there.
To become a computer programmer, a bachelor's degree is usually required. Sometimes a 2 year or associates degree and certificate are also accepted. Classes such as computer science, math, computer information systems, and accounting are commonly taken. A basic programming knowledge is needed and a programmer must be certified in a...
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